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International Coffeehouses: Vietnam

This guide will provide links to resources related to the countries featured in the International Coffeehouses.

Aerial view of Vietnam

Facts in Brief

Vietnam flag with a red background and gold star in the center


The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam is situated in South-East Asia, bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, to the west by the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Cambodia, and to the east by the South China Sea. The climate is humid during both the hot summer and the relatively cold winter, and there are monsoon rains in both seasons. Temperatures in Hanoi are generally between 13°C (55°F) and 33°C (91°F). The official national language is Vietnamese. The principal formal religion is Buddhism, although a sizeable proportion of the population adheres to indigenous religions. There are also Daoist, Confucian, Hoa Hao, Caodaist and Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) minorities. The national flag (proportions 2 by 3) is red, with a large five-pointed yellow star in the centre. The capital is Hanoi.

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Map of Vietnam

Map of Vietnam

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam covers a total area of 330,967 sq km (127,787 sq miles) and lies along the western shore of the South China Sea, bordered by the People’s Republic of China to the north, by the Lao People’s Democratic Republic to the west and by Cambodia to the south-west. The capital is Hanoi. The fundamental geographical outlines of the country are determined by the deltas and immediate hinterlands of the Mekong and Songkoi (Red River), which are linked by the mountain backbone and adjacent coastal lowlands of Annam.

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Snapshots of Vietnam from Wikimedia

Aerial View of Baie d'halong

Baie d'halong

Shore line with palm trees of a beach in Vietnam

Beach in Vietnam

Front building view of fChùa Kiến An Cung

Chùa Kiến An Cung

Aerial view of Danang


Adventure Guide

Research Guides

Ho Chi Minh

headshot of Ho Chi Minh

Ho Chi Minh, original name Nguyen Sinh Cung, also called Nguyen Tat Thanh or Nguyen Ai Quoc , (born May 19, 1890, Hoang Tru, Vietnam, French Indochina—died September 2, 1969, Hanoi, North Vietnam), founder of the Indochina Communist Party (1930) and its successor, the Viet-Minh (1941), and president from 1945 to 1969 of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). As the leader of the Vietnamese nationalist movement for nearly three decades, Ho was one of the prime movers of the post-World War II anticolonial movement in Asia and one of the most influential communist leaders of the 20th century.


Image Citation: Unknown. 1948. Ho Chi Minh.

Text Citation: Britannica Academic, s.v. "Ho Chi Minh," accessed August 30, 2019,

Books on Vietnamese Cuisine


Vietnamese Language Tools

Vietnamese text  

Vietnamese Lessons!

ESL for Vietnamese speakers!

Music from Vietnam

Vietnam Le Don Ca Tai Tu Album Art

Songs and Dances of Vietnam Album Art

North Vietnam Album Art

Vietnamese Cuisine

Bowl of Pho with chopsticks a plate of limes and a small bowl of spices



1/4 lb (125 g) lean boneless top round or sirloin steak

1/4 lb (125 g) fine rice noodles

2-inch (5-cm) piece gingerroot

2 (10-oz/284-mL) cans sodium-reduced beef broth

2 soup cans water

1 tbsp (15 mL) fish sauce

2 large mushrooms

2 green onions

1 cup (250 mL) bean sprouts

1 tsp (5 mL) lime juice


Place steak on foil in freezer for 15 min. to firm. Generously cover noodles with hot water. Soak until softened, about 15 min. Slice ginger and bring to a boil with undiluted broth, water and fish sauce. Cover and simmer for 10 min. Meanwhile, slice cold steak paper thin. Place in deep warm soup bowls. Drain noodles. Thinly slice mushrooms and onions. Divide among bowls, along with bean sprouts. Remove ginger from broth. Add lime juice. Bring to a rolling boil. Pour into bowls. (Heat will cook steak.) Serve with lime wedges, fish sauce and hot pepper sauce, if you like. Serves 4

Nutrients per serving 10.6g protein, 2 g fat, 29 g carbohydrates, 1.2 mg iron, 19 mg calcium, 1.6 g fibre, 172 calories


"Vietnamese pho soup." Chatelaine, May 2000, p. 194. Gale Academic OneFile, Accessed 30 Aug. 2019.

Image Citation: Wikimedia

Music Books in the Collection