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International Coffeehouses: Puerto Rico

This guide will provide links to resources related to the countries featured in the International Coffeehouses.

Panoramic photo of Puerto Rico beachHerbella, Cindy. (2011).  Panorama Beach.  Flickr.  https://www.flickr.com/photos/cherbella/6795606636/

Facts in Brief

Flag of Puerto Rico

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico comprises the main island of Puerto Rico, together with the small offshore islands of Vieques and Culebra and numerous smaller islets, lying about 80 km (50 miles) east of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) in the Caribbean Sea. The climate is maritime-tropical, with an average annual temperature of 24°C (75°F) and a normal range between 17°C (63°F) and 36°C (97°F). The official languages are Spanish and English. Christianity is the dominant religion, and about 73% of the population are Roman Catholics. The flag (proportions 3 by 5) has five alternating red and white horizontal stripes of equal width, with a blue triangle, in the centre of which is a five-pointed white star, at the hoist. The capital is San Juan.


Citation:

Territory Flag (Puerto Rico), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 06 November 2018 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/pr.FLAG

Country Profile (Puerto Rico), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 06 November 2018 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/pr.is.2

Snapshots of Puerto Rico

Women in Puerto Rican dress

Elliott Erwitt. PUERTO RICO. 1959.. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/AWSS35953_35953_37902178

Puerto Rico

Elliott Erwitt. PUERTO RICO. 1969.. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/AWSS35953_35953_37902566

Track & field Puerto Rico

Elliott Erwitt. PUERTO RICO. 1969.. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/AWSS35953_35953_37902570

Puerto Rico City

Alex Webb. PUERTO RICO. 1990.. 2001. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/AMAGNUMIG_10311538481

Puerto Rico beach

Renderer:, Currie, Leonard J. (Leonard James), 1913-1996, Draftsman:, Photographer: Currie, Leonard J. (Leonard James), 1913-1996, Landscape architect:, Architect:, Artist:, Designer:, Sculptor:, Photo:. From Condado Beach, San Juan, Puerto Rico. (photo taken), July 1951. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/SS37059_37059_41063996

Waterfall in El Yunque National Park

Waterfall in El Yunque National Park


Citation:https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Waterfall_in_El_Yunque.jpg

Beach in Salinas

Conzo, Joe (American hip hop photographer). Beach, Salinas, Puerto Rico. 1979 April. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/SS34628_34628_26839404

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Mona Island

The small Puerto Rican island is a natural reserve that has been nicknamed the “Galapagos of the Caribbean.”

Galapago of the Caribbean

Puerto Rico’s main island spans more than 9,000 square kilometers and is lined with large cities and infrastructure to support a population of 3.5 million people. But just 75 kilometers (45 miles) to the west, a lesser-known and mostly uninhabited island of the Puerto Rican archipelago rises from the Caribbean.

Mona Island is a fraction of the size of the main island, covering just 56 square kilometers (22 square miles). Very few people actually live here; some rangers inhabit the island in order to manage visitors and research projects. But the island’s primary inhabitants are the plants and animals, the diversity of which has led Mona to be nicknamed the “Galapagos of the Caribbean.”

According to Sebastián Martinuzzi, an ecologist and remote sensing expert at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the entire island is a limestone plateau with near-vertical cliffs on all sides. A narrow coastal plain is visible along the southwestern portion of the island. The dominant vegetation is subtropical dry forest, which thins as you move toward the east. An historic lighthouse, deactivated in 1976, is visible on the island’s eastern side.

The island is a natural reserve managed by the government of Puerto Rico. In 1975, the U.S. Secretary of the Interior designated Mona as a National Natural Landmark. Such distinctions are given to landscapes that preserve a significant biological or geological feature. Mona Island has both.

The National Park Service describes Mona Island and its tiny island neighbor to the northwest: “The sea caves on these islands are some of the largest, most extensive and most unusual in the world. The islands harbor a significant endemic biota and provide important seabird rookery areas.”   Puerto Rico is the only place in the United States and its territories where the threatened Higo Chumbo Cactus grows.


Citations:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Beaches_of_Puerto_Rico

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/87589/mona-island

Pastelitos Recipe

Photo of a Guava strudel

Larry. (Photographer). (2011). Guava Strudel at Porto's Bakery. [digital image]. Retrieved on Nov 13, 2018 from https://flic.kr/p/9DDKFH. Used under Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0).

 

Pastelles recipe

Citation: Pamela Lalbachan. (1994). The Complete Caribbean Cookbook. Boston: Charles E. Tuttle Company, Inc.

Puerto Rican Authors

José de Diego

José de Diego portrait

Book from the Catalog: Cantos de Pitirre


Julia de Burgos

Julia de Burgos headshot

Book from the catalog: Antología poética


Manuel A. Alonso

Manuel A. Alonso drawing

Book from the catalog: El jíbaro

Films about Puerto Rico

The Insider’s Guide to Puerto Rico is a travel documentary featuring the island’s best destinations.

Map of Puerto Rico

Map of Puerto Rico

Territory Map (Puerto Rico), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 08 November 2018 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/pr.MAP.

Puerto Rican Art & Architecture

El Pueblo Cantor

Dominguez, Maria (Puerto Rico 1950 - ). El Pueblo Cantor, Detail. 1994. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/DRESCHER_10313356532

Reconstruction of an Indian village in the museum of the Fundacion de Arqueo-logia e Historia de Puerto Rico

Reconstruction of an Indian village in the museum of the Fundacion de Arqueo-logia e Historia de Puerto Rico. Image: 1978. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/AYALE_PEABODYIG_10313458849

Heavy stone collar

Heavy stone collar. Image: 1977. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/AYALE_PEABODYIG_10313458502

Part of large bowl

Part of large bowl. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/AHARVARDIG_10313859608

 

Puerto Rico

Brendan Cass. Puerto Rico. 2008. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/LARRY_QUALLS_10313554717

Puerto Rico painting

Kingsbury, Alison Mason (American artist, 1898-1988). Puerto Rico. 1940. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/SS33621_33621_1655020

12 Variations on An 18th-century Map of Puerto Rico

Rafael Ferrer. 12 Variations on An 18th-century Map of Puerto Rico. 1974. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/AWSS35953_35953_41942605

Images of Puerto Rico

Lerner, Marilyn Ann, 1942-. Images of Puerto Rico. 1970. Artstor, library.artstor.org/asset/ARTSTOR_103_41822000373298

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More than one million digital images in the arts, architecture, humanities, and sciences. Please note: you must register for a free account in order to download images.

Music

Juan Morel Campos

Juan Morel Campos headshot

Rafael Hernandez

Rafael Hernandez headshot

Sylvia Rexach

Sylvia Rexach headshot

Tito Puentes

Tito Puentes

Learn Spanish! ¡Aprenda español!

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