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International Coffeehouses: France

This guide will provide links to resources related to the countries featured in the International Coffeehouses.

Panoramic photo of Paris

Debarshi Bharmik (Photographer). (2016). Paris Panorama. Retrieved from on February 24, 2019. Used under Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0).

Facts in Brief

Flag with three vertical stripes, blule, white, red (left to right)

The French Republic is situated in Western Europe. Following the Second World War, during which France was under German occupation, the Fourth Republic was founded in 1946. As a result of political instability, in 1958 the Fifth Republic was established under the wartime resistance leader Gen. Charles de Gaulle, and the powers of the presidency were strengthened. In 2012 François Hollande of the Parti Socialiste was elected President, succeeding Nicolas Sarkozy of the centre-right Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, who had held office since 2007. In May 2017 Emmanuel Macron, supported by the new centrist movement, En Marche! (which was renamed as La République En Marche shortly after the election), was elected President. Paris is the capital. French is the principal language.


France, in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville.  Retrieved 07 November 2017 from

French Cuisine

Photo of Tarte Tatin in a dish

Tarte Tatin Recipe

For the caramel:
9 ounces granulated sugar 
4 1/2 ounces butter 

For the apples:
7 ounces butter 
3 1/2 ounces granulated sugar 
3 vanilla beans split and scraped 
3 pounds Golden Delicious apples, peeled, cored and cut into eighths 
2 ounces Calvados Caramel, from above 

For the puff pastry:
10 ounces puff pastry 
3 1/2 ounces light corn syrup 
1 ounce water

For the garnish:
Cinnamon sticks 
Vanilla beans 
Star anise

For the caramel: In saucepan, cook sugar over medium-low heat until golden brown, Whisk in butter until smooth and transfer to 9-inch round non-stick pan Let cool.

For the apples: In saucepan, combine butter, sugar and vanilla. Cook over medium heat, stirring to mell sugar. Add apples and cook until apples are golden brown but still firm. Remove from heat, add Calvados and flambe. Drain apples on paper towels and refrigerate until cool. Preheat oven to 325 degrees. Arrange apples in slightly overlapping circular pattern on top of caramel in pan. Bake in oven 45 minutes. Let cool and drain off excess liquid. Refrigerate three hours.

For the puff pastry: Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Roll puff pastry to 1/8-inch thickness. Transfer to parchment-lined sheet pan and top with another sheet parchment. Place five sheet pans on lop and bake 20 minutes. Lower oven temperature to 315 degrees. In saucepan heat corn syrup and whisk in water. Remove sheet pans and top layer of parchment, brush pastry with corn syrup mixture and return to oven. Bake until golden brown, about 10 minutes. Let cool.

To serve: Cut puff pastry into 9-inch circle and place atop apples. Using blow torch, heat bottom of pan to release apples, and invert to unmold. Garnish with cinnamon stick, vanilla bean and star anise and serve.

Tarte Tatin: what do we know for sure about tarte Tatin? (2006, Winter). Art Culinaire, (83), 6+. Retrieved from


French Art & Architecture

Yves Klein, French, Nice, France, 1928-1962, Paris, France. Untitled (ANT154). 1961. Artstor,

Jules Pascin,  American and Bulgarian, active in France, 1885-1930. Father, Mother, and Three Children. c. 1915. Artstor,

Henri Matisse, French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France, 1869-1954, Nice, France. La fille aux yeux verts (The Girl with Green Eyes). 1908. Artstor,

Mme. Olympe, American, born France,  b.1830, (Designer),. Dress, Evening. ca. 1865. Artstor,

Sèvres Porcelain Factory, Sèvres, France, founded 1756, painted by Catherine Godin, active 1797-1800, 1807-1828. Coffeepot. c.1819-20. Artstor,

France, early 17th century. Halberd. c. 1600-1625. Artstor,

ANONYMOUS / FRANCE (early XIV century), artist. Keystone. Four facing figures: a winged king (Solomon?) opposite a winged queen ringing a bell, and a winged dragon with a crown (representing wisdom) faces a lion. In the center, four heads facing each other: a bearded man facing a woman, a satyr facing. Early XIV century.. Artstor,

France, Limousin, Limoges, 13th century. Plaque from a Book Cover Showing the Crucifixion. 1st half of 1200s. Artstor,


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Learn French!

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French Research Guide

French Music

Maurice Ravel

Picture of Maurice Ravel

Joseph Boulogne, Chevalier de Saint-Georges

portrait of Joseph Boulogne