The French Republic is situated in Western Europe. Following the Second World War, during which France was under German occupation, the Fourth Republic was founded in 1946. As a result of political instability, in 1958 the Fifth Republic was established under the wartime resistance leader Gen. Charles de Gaulle, and the powers of the presidency were strengthened. In 2012 François Hollande of the Parti Socialiste was elected President, succeeding Nicolas Sarkozy of the centre-right Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, who had held office since 2007. In May 2017 Emmanuel Macron, supported by the new centrist movement, En Marche! (which was renamed as La République En Marche shortly after the election), was elected President. Paris is the capital. French is the principal language.
France, in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 07 November 2017 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/fr
For the caramel:
For the apples:
For the puff pastry:
For the garnish:
For the caramel: In saucepan, cook sugar over medium-low heat until golden brown, Whisk in butter until smooth and transfer to 9-inch round non-stick pan Let cool.
For the apples: In saucepan, combine butter, sugar and vanilla. Cook over medium heat, stirring to mell sugar. Add apples and cook until apples are golden brown but still firm. Remove from heat, add Calvados and flambe. Drain apples on paper towels and refrigerate until cool. Preheat oven to 325 degrees. Arrange apples in slightly overlapping circular pattern on top of caramel in pan. Bake in oven 45 minutes. Let cool and drain off excess liquid. Refrigerate three hours.
For the puff pastry: Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Roll puff pastry to 1/8-inch thickness. Transfer to parchment-lined sheet pan and top with another sheet parchment. Place five sheet pans on lop and bake 20 minutes. Lower oven temperature to 315 degrees. In saucepan heat corn syrup and whisk in water. Remove sheet pans and top layer of parchment, brush pastry with corn syrup mixture and return to oven. Bake until golden brown, about 10 minutes. Let cool.
To serve: Cut puff pastry into 9-inch circle and place atop apples. Using blow torch, heat bottom of pan to release apples, and invert to unmold. Garnish with cinnamon stick, vanilla bean and star anise and serve.
Tarte Tatin: what do we know for sure about tarte Tatin? (2006, Winter). Art Culinaire, (83), 6+. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=AONE&sw=w&u=tel_a_utl&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE%7CA158528829&asid=102b76ee12675d2d83d860484b5751f8