The Republic of Kazakhstan extends from the Volga river in the west to the Altai mountains in the east, from the Siberian plain in the north to the Central Asian deserts in the south. In 1936 the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic became a full Union Republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). In 1991 Kazakhstan declared independence from the USSR, under the presidency of Nursultan Nazarbaev, Chairman of the Republican Council of Ministers since 1984. He remained in office until his retirement in March 2019. Nur-Sultan (known as Astana in 1998–2019) is the capital. The official language is Kazakh, and Russian is employed officially in state and local government bodies.
Country Flag (Kazakhstan), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 04 April 2019 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/kz.FLAG
Kazakhstan, in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 04 April 2019 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/kz