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International Coffeehouses: Cuba

This guide will provide links to resources related to the countries featured in the International Coffeehouses.

Panoramic photo of Old Havana

Sang Trinh. (Photographer). (2008).Old Havana from Morro Castle [digital image]. Retrieved from flickr website: https://flic.kr/p/4ofzqE. Used under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0).

Facts in Brief

Flag of Cuba pictured on the left has five horizontal, alternating blue and white stripes with a red triangle with a white star in the center. The Cuban Coat of Arms is pictured to the left of the flag

Capital: Havana

Official language: Spanish

Chief products: Agriculture—beef and dairy cattle, coffee, fruits, hogs, sugar cane, tobacco, vegetables. Manufacturing—cement, cigars, food processing, pharmaceuticals, refined petroleum, refined sugar, steel. Mining—clays, cobalt, feldspar, manganese, natural gas, nickel.

National anthem: "La Bayamesa" ("The Bayamo Song").

National holidays: January 1, the anniversary of Fidel Castro's taking control of the government, and July 26, the anniversary of Fidel Castro's attack on the Moncada Army Barracks.

Climate: Warm, mild weather all year round, with a rainy season from May through October. Hurricanes often strike the island. Hurricane season lasts from June to November.


Citation:
Kapcia, Antoni. "Cuba." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2018, www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar142820. Accessed 9 Oct. 2018

Map of Cuba

Picture of a Map of cuba

Map of Cuba. Digital Image. U.S. Department of State. Web. 31 Jan 2018. <state.gov>.

Cuban Recipe

Photo of a Masa Real de Guayaba Guava Tart Recipe

Citation: Randelmann, M. U., & Schwartz, J. (1992). Memories of a Cuban kitchen. New York: Macmillan.

Cuban Art

photo of a painting by Amelia Pelaez titled Hibiscus

Pelaez, Amelia, Cuban, b.1897. (1943). Hibiscus. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://library.artstor.org/asset/ABARNITZ_10310365141

Photo of a painting by Amelia Pelaez Del Casal titled Fishes

Amelia Peláez Del Casal, Cuban, 1896-1968. (1943). Fishes. [Painting]. Retrieved from http://library.artstor.org/asset/AMOMA_10312310941

 

Sculpture by Lam Wilfredo

Lam, Wilfredo (1902--~~~~)., artist. (1974). Sculpture. Osun .. [Isolated Ronde-Bosse / Bronze - Full-Length Statue (Statuette)]. Retrieved from http://library.artstor.org/asset/IBWA_DB_10313300543

photograph of artist Wilfredo Lam

Lam, Wilfredo. (1938-9). Photograph of Wilfredo Lam. Retrieved from http://library.artstor.org/asset/ARTSTOR_103_41822000976025

Photo of a drawing by Rene Portocarrero titled composition

Rene Portocarrero (Cuban, 1912-1985). (1952). Composition. [Drawing]. Retrieved from http://library.artstor.org/asset/AMHOUSTONIG_10313910968

Photo of a drawing byy Rene Portocarrero titled Queen #2

Portocarrero, Rene, 1912 -. (1949). Queen #2. [Drawing]. Retrieved from http://library.artstor.org/asset/ASMITHIG_10313667012

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Cuban Architecture

Plaza San Francisco (Saint Francis Plaza): exterior, restaurant, façade

Plaza San Francisco (Saint Francis Plaza): exterior, restaurant, façade

Work Type: plaza
Date: early 17th century
Image: 2003
Location: Havana, Cuba
Material: stone
Period: Colonial
Description: Photographer: Alka Patel
Subject: building; windows; band pattern
Collection: Alka Patel Archive: Cuban Art and Architecture
ID Number 285730
Source: Image and original data provided by Cuba (Alka Patel Archive)


Citation: (early 17th century, Image: 2003). Plaza San Francisco (Saint Francis Plaza): exterior, restaurant, façade. [plaza]. Retrieved from https://libapps.s3.amazonaws.com/accounts/33805/images/Plaza_San_Franciso.jpg

 

 

Convento de Santa Clara de Asis (Convent of Saint Clare of Assisi): first cloister, doorway

Convento de Santa Clara de Asis (Convent of Saint Clare of Assisi): first cloister, doorway

Work Type: convent
Date: 17th century, Image: 2003
Location: Havana, Cuba
Material: stone, brick
Period: Colonial
Description: Photographer: Alka Patel
Subject: ceiling; band pattern; gate; lamp
Collection Alka Patel Archive: Cuban Art and Architecture
ID Number: 285421
Source: Image and original data provided by Cuba (Alka Patel Archive) 


Citation: (17th century, Image: 2003). Convento de Santa Clara de Asis (Convent of Saint Clare of Assisi): first cloister, doorway. [convent]. Retrieved from https://library.artstor.org/asset/APATELIG_10312306386

Snapshots of Cuba

Photo of Old Havana

Old Havana

Cuba's location has greatly influenced its history. The island lies at the intersection of major sea routes between the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico. The famous explorer Christopher Columbus, sailing in the service of Spain, landed in Cuba in 1492. The island later became strategically important in Spain's American empire.


Photo credit: Old Havana. [Image]. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/assembly/view/210428

aerial view photo of Havana

Havana

The majority of Cuban people live in urban areas. Havana is Cuba's capital, largest city, and commercial and cultural center. Most people in the cities have jobs in government agencies or government-owned businesses and factories, but some run small private businesses.


Photo credit: Havana. [Image]. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from https://cdn.britannica.com/33/76033-050-7E290193.jpg

Photo of Sierra de Escambray

Sierra de Escambray

Cuba consists mainly of three mountainous regions separated by gentle slopes, rolling plains, and wide, fertile farmlands. The three mountainous regions rise in the west, in south-central Cuba, and in the southeast. The westernmost mountainous region of Cuba consists of two mountain ranges—the Sierra de los Órganos and the Sierra del Rosario. The south-central mountainous region is known as the Sierra de Escambray. 

Information on all slides from World Book Online


Photo credit: Sierra de Escambray. [Image]. In World Book Online. Retrieved from https://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/media?id=pc314278

Cuban Music

The Music of Cuba Album Cover Art

Cuban Film

Learn Spanish!

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