The Republic of India forms a natural sub-continent, with the Himalaya mountain range to the north. Two sections of the Indian Ocean—the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal—lie to the west and east, respectively. India’s neighbours are Tibet (the Xizang Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China), Bhutan and Nepal to the north, Pakistan to the north-west and Myanmar (formerly Burma) to the north-east, while Bangladesh is surrounded by Indian territory except for a short frontier with Myanmar in the east. Near India’s southern tip, across the Palk Strait, is Sri Lanka. India’s climate ranges from temperate to tropical, with an average summer temperature on the plains of approximately 27°C (81°F). Annual rainfall varies widely, but the summer monsoon brings heavy rain over much of the country in June and July. The official language is Hindi, spoken by about 30% of the population. English is used as an associate language for many official purposes. The Indian Constitution also recognizes 18 regional languages, of which the most widely spoken are Telugu, Bengali, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu and Gujarati. In addition, many other local languages are used. According to the 2011 census, 79.8% of the population are Hindus and 14.2% Muslims. There are also Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and other minorities. The national flag (proportions 2 by 3) has three equal horizontal stripes, of saffron, white and green, with the Dharma Chakra (Wheel of the Law), in blue, in the centre of the white stripe. The capital is New Delhi.
Country Flag (India), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Retrieved 09 March 2018 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/in.FLAG
Location, Climate, Language, Religion, Flag, Capital (India), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 09 March 2018 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/in.is.2
Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India—died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. As such, he came to be considered the father of his country. Gandhi is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest (satyagraha) to achieve political and social progress.
In the eyes of millions of his fellow Indians, Gandhi was the Mahatma (“Great Soul”). The unthinking adoration of the huge crowds that gathered to see him all along the route of his tours made them a severe ordeal; he could hardly work during the day or rest at night. “The woes of the Mahatmas,” he wrote, “are known only to the Mahatmas.” His fame spread worldwide during his lifetime and only increased after his death. The name Mahatma Gandhi is now one of the most universally recognized on earth.
Gandhi, Mahatma. Image. Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 6 Feb. 2018. academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/assembly/view/92087. Accessed 14 Mar. 2018.
"Mahatma Gandhi." Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Nov. 2016. academic.eb.com/levels/collegiate/article/Mahatma-Gandhi/109421. Accessed 14 Mar. 2018.
Dance name: Hindustani (solo performance)
Dancer: Shalini Yerukala, graduate student at UT
Dance styles: Indian classical dance (Bharatnatyam and Kuchipudi), which is more religious and spiritual; Indian traditional folk dance (from the states of Rajasthan and Punjab), which is more celebration-oriented, surrounding festivals and weddings; and an Indian patriotic dance mix
Shalini's description: "My dance forms or gestures involve a unique way of communication using music, body, eyes and expressions of vibrant colors of inner beauty and happiness."
Citation: Indian Dance. University of Tennessee International House. 23 Feb. 2018. https://www.facebook.com/internationalut. Accessed 14 Mar. 2018.
The notes of the Indian scale are arranged in various patterns called ragas. Each raga has a special meaning and may be associated with a particular mood, emotion, season, or time of day. Indian instruments include the sitar, sarod, and vina, which are plucked stringed instruments; the tambura, which produces a drone (continuous tone); and the tabla and mridangam, which are drums.
India's motion-picture industry produces thousands of films annually. The industry, centered in Mumbai, is known as Bollywood. Indian movies are made in many languages, often for regional audiences. The most popular motion pictures are those made in Hindi, which are shown throughout the country. Hindi films also attract audiences in the Middle East, North and East Africa, the Caribbean, and in Indian communities overseas. Indian popular films include love stories, crime thrillers, and social dramas. Like American musicals of the 1930's, many Indian popular films feature song-and-dance sequences.