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International Coffeehouses: India

This guide will provide links to resources related to the countries featured in the International Coffeehouses.

Panoramic photo of India

Paulo. Agra [Agra, India]. Retrieved March 9, 2018 from (Originally photographed 2010, August 18). Licensed by CC BY-NC-ND 2.0.

Facts in Brief

country flag

The Republic of India forms a natural sub-continent, with the Himalaya mountain range to the north. Two sections of the Indian Ocean—the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal—lie to the west and east, respectively. India’s neighbours are Tibet (the Xizang Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China), Bhutan and Nepal to the north, Pakistan to the north-west and Myanmar (formerly Burma) to the north-east, while Bangladesh is surrounded by Indian territory except for a short frontier with Myanmar in the east. Near India’s southern tip, across the Palk Strait, is Sri Lanka. India’s climate ranges from temperate to tropical, with an average summer temperature on the plains of approximately 27°C (81°F). Annual rainfall varies widely, but the summer monsoon brings heavy rain over much of the country in June and July. The official language is Hindi, spoken by about 30% of the population. English is used as an associate language for many official purposes. The Indian Constitution also recognizes 18 regional languages, of which the most widely spoken are Telugu, Bengali, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu and Gujarati. In addition, many other local languages are used. According to the 2011 census, 79.8% of the population are Hindus and 14.2% Muslims. There are also Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and other minorities. The national flag (proportions 2 by 3) has three equal horizontal stripes, of saffron, white and green, with the Dharma Chakra (Wheel of the Law), in blue, in the centre of the white stripe. The capital is New Delhi.


Country Flag (India), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Retrieved 09 March 2018 from

Location, Climate, Language, Religion, Flag, Capital (India), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 09 March 2018 from

Snapshots of India from AP Images

photo of a street parade on India Republic Day

India Republic Day in New Delhi

Manish, Swarup, et al. "India Republic Day." 26 Jan. 2017. EBSCOhost,

Photo of the City Skyscrapers in New Delhi

New Delhi

Altaf, Qadri and PM siyer|File|Filed|2/1/2018 12:57:47. "India Economy." 01 Feb. 2018. EBSCOhost,

Photo of a woman in India next to fabric and textiles

Gauhati, India

Anupam, Nath, et al. "India International Women's Day." 07 Mar. 2018. EBSCOhost,

Photo of people at the Brahmaputra River

Brahmaputra River in Gauhati

Anupam, Nath, et al. "India International Women's Day." 08 Mar. 2018. EBSCOhost,

Photo of Shanytown in Guahati

Shantytown in Gauhati

Anupam, Nath, et al. "The Week That Was in Asia Photo Gallery." 09 Mar. 2018. EBSCOhost,

Photo of the coast line in Varanasi India

Varanasi, India

Rajesh Kumar, Singh, et al. "India France." 12 Mar. 2018. EBSCOhost,

Night photo of the city Mumbai

Mumbai, India

Rajanish, Kakade and PM jfillery|File|Filed|1/25/2018 3:42:01. "India." 25 Jan. 2018. EBSCOhost,

Photo of Bollywood awards


Tsering, Topgyal and AM ttakahashi|File|Filed|10/15/2016 6:15:08. "India Movie Star Guru." 15 Oct. 2016. EBSCOhost,

AP Images logo

AP Images

Contemporary and historical images from the Associated Press.

Indian Art & Architecture

Photo of wall hanging tapestry

Artist/maker unknown, India. Wall Hanging. Early 20th century. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, Purchased with funds contributed by Mr. and Mrs. John Gilmore Ford, 1984, 1984-90-1, Web. 14 Mar 2018.

Photo of the Taj mahal

Taj Mahal Mausoleum. ca. 1625-1675. Bonnie G. MacDougall (original photographs). Web. 14 Mar 2018.

Photo of Lomas Rishi Cave

India: Lomas Rishi Cave. Web. 14 Mar 2018.

Photo of Agra Fort India

Agra Fort (Agra, India), Designed Landscapes, detail view. 16th-17th century, Image: January 2006. Web. 14 Mar 2018.

Photo of temple sketches

India: Ref.: types of Sikharas of temples. Web. 14 Mar 2018.

photo of a dave temple

Cave Temple. ca. 200 BCE-800 CE. Bonnie G. MacDougall (original photographs). Web. 14 Mar 2018.

photo of a cave

Ajanta: Cave I: Int.: hall: rear wall, left Mahajanaka jataka. 450-500 A.D. Web. 14 Mar 2018.

photo of an embroidered panel

India, 18th - 19th century. Embroidered Panel. 18th-19th century. The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio, USA, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Wade, 1916.1302, Web. 14 Mar 2018.

Photo of a lion head artifact

Asia, South Asia, India, Madhya Pradesh (state). Stylized Lion Head (Kirttimukha). 9th cen.. The Art Institute of Chicago, Gift of Marilynn B. Alsdorf, Chicago, Illinois, USA, 1997.715, Web. 14 Mar 2018.

photo of an artifact

India, Uttar Pradesh. Anthropomorph. ca. 1500 B.C.. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New  York, New York, Lent by The Kronos Collections, L.1985.42.3, Web. 14 Mar 2018.

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Famous Figure

photo of Mahatma Ghandi

Mahatma Ghandi

Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi,  (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India—died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. As such, he came to be considered the father of his country. Gandhi is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest (satyagraha) to achieve political and social progress.

In the eyes of millions of his fellow Indians, Gandhi was the Mahatma (“Great Soul”). The unthinking adoration of the huge crowds that gathered to see him all along the route of his tours made them a severe ordeal; he could hardly work during the day or rest at night. “The woes of the Mahatmas,” he wrote, “are known only to the Mahatmas.” His fame spread worldwide during his lifetime and only increased after his death. The name Mahatma Gandhi is now one of the most universally recognized on earth.


Gandhi, Mahatma. Image. Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 6 Feb. 2018. Accessed 14 Mar. 2018.

"Mahatma Gandhi." Britannica Academic, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Nov. 2016. Accessed 14 Mar. 2018.

Indian Dance from UTK International Dance Competition 2018

photo of a dancer

Dance name: Hindustani (solo performance)

Dancer: Shalini Yerukala, graduate student at UT

Dance styles: Indian classical dance (Bharatnatyam and Kuchipudi), which is more religious and spiritual; Indian traditional folk dance (from the states of Rajasthan and Punjab), which is more celebration-oriented, surrounding festivals and weddings; and an Indian patriotic dance mix

Shalini's description: "My dance forms or gestures involve a unique way of communication using music, body, eyes and expressions of vibrant colors of inner beauty and happiness."

Citation: Indian Dance. University of Tennessee International House. 23 Feb. 2018. Accessed 14 Mar. 2018.

Map of India

Country Map

Citation: Country Map (India), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 14 March 2018 from


    Amazing India - Folk Melodies Of India


    Amazing India - An Ode To The Palaces Of India


The notes of the Indian scale are arranged in various patterns called ragas. Each raga has a special meaning and may be associated with a particular mood, emotion, season, or time of day. Indian instruments include the sitar, sarod, and vina, which are plucked stringed instruments; the tambura, which produces a drone (continuous tone); and the tabla and mridangam, which are drums.


India's motion-picture industry produces thousands of films annually. The industry, centered in Mumbai, is known as Bollywood. Indian movies are made in many languages, often for regional audiences. The most popular motion pictures are those made in Hindi, which are shown throughout the country. Hindi films also attract audiences in the Middle East, North and East Africa, the Caribbean, and in Indian communities overseas. Indian popular films include love stories, crime thrillers, and social dramas. Like American musicals of the 1930's, many Indian popular films feature song-and-dance sequences.