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International Coffeehouses: Haiti
This guide will provide links to resources related to the countries featured in the International Coffeehouses.
ruimc77. Port-Au-Prince-Haiti. June 23, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2018 from https://flic.kr/p/vf2coc. Licensed by Attribution-NonCommercial-Sharealike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0).
Facts in Brief
The Republic of Haiti mainly comprises the western part of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. François Duvalier established a dictatorship in 1957 and was succeeded by his son, who was ousted in 1986. In 1990 Fr Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected President. Aristide was overthrown in 1991, but reinstated in 1994. Aristide was succeeded in 1995 by René Préval. Aristide was returned to the presidency in 2000, but resigned in early 2004. Préval was re-elected President in 2006. Michel Martelly succeeded him in 2011. In January 2010 the country suffered a devastating earthquake that destroyed most of the capital, Port-au-Prince, and killed an estimated 220,000 people. Elections, originally scheduled for 2012, were finally held in 2015, although results of the presidential ballot were declared invalid in 2016; further elections were held later in the year. French and Creole are the official languages.
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Contemporary and historical images from the Associated Press.
Traditional Folk Music
Haiti madi 12 janvye 2010 (Haiti, Tuesday, January 12, 2010) (detail04 view). 2012. Fowler Museum at UCLA. Museum purchase with funds provided by the Fay Bettye Green Fund to Commission New Work, Jerome Joss Endowment Fund, Shirly and Ralph Shapiro Fund in memory of Ethel Berns, and Charles and Carolyn Knobler. X2013.35.1. http://library.artstor.org.proxy.lib.utk.edu:90/asset/AWSS35953_35953_31196066. Web. 13 Apr 2018.
Anacreon, Wilson. Makandal, the Rebel Slave with Magic Powers, Jumps Out of the Bonfire. 1991. Fondation Afrique en créations. http://library.artstor.org.proxy.lib.utk.edu:90/asset/ARTSTOR_103_41822003739677. Web. 13 Apr 2018.
Poisson, Louverture. Landscape with Palms. 1945. The Phillips Collection. http://library.artstor.org.proxy.lib.utk.edu:90/asset/APHILLIPSIG_10313650093. Web. 13 Apr 2018.
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The Haitian Revolution
The slave rebellion and anticolonial revolt that came to be known as the Haitian Revolution are remembered with pride among the Haitian people, who revere its heroes as the founders of their nation. Unlike the maroon uprisings that occurred elsewhere in the Caribbean, the revolution that took place on the western third of the island of Hispaniola accomplished feats of epic proportions: It marked the success of the first large-scale slave rebellion, the total abolition of slavery in the colony of Saint-Domingue, and the founding of the world’s first black republic and the second independent nation in the Americas.
Such revolutionaries as Toussaint L’Ouverture, Henri Christophe, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Alexandre Sabès Pétion, and other intrepid individuals led the anticolonial struggle. The dream of freedom that led to independence in 1804 endures in the national myth of Haiti some 200 years hence.