The Republic of the Philippines lies in the western Pacific Ocean, east of mainland South-East Asia. In 1946 the Philippines achieved independence from US rule. Ferdinand Marcos was elected President in 1965. Marcos relinquished office to Corazon Aquino in 1986, following the rejection of his authority by the acting Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, Lt-Gen. Fidel Ramos. Aquino was succeeded by Ramos in 1992. In 2001, after the indefinite adjournment of impeachment proceedings against President Joseph Estrada, Vice-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo took office as the country's head of state. Arroyo was replaced by Benigno Aquino III, son of Corazon Aquino, in mid-2010. At the May 2016 presidential election Rodrigo Roa Duterte was elected President; he took office on 30 June. Manila is the capital. Filipino is the native national language.
Title: Silver ornament
Work Type: Personal gear, jewelry, pendant
Discovery Site: Philippines
Measurements: 5 cm x 5 cm x 0.5 cm
Repository: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
Manuel Ocampo, Bathala II. 1988. Exhibited at Postmasters Gallery, 1994. Acrylic.
Manila Sound is a musical genre in the Philippines that began in the mid-1970s in Manila. The genre flourished and peaked in the mid- to late-1970s. It is often considered the "bright side" of the Philippine martial law era and has influenced most of the modern genres in the country by being the forerunner to OPM.