Ghost of Kuji. (Photographer). (2017). Florence panorama [digital image]. Retrieved from flickr website: www.flickr.com. Used under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0).
Citation: Terrain Map of Italy. Retrieved Feb 9, 2018 from https://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/media?id=lr012680
The Italian Republic mainly comprises a peninsula, extending from southern Europe into the Mediterranean Sea. The Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed in 1861 and the country was unified in 1870. In 1946 Italy became a republic. Until 1963 the Partito della Democrazia Cristiana (DC) held power unchallenged. The remainder of the century was marked by the rapid succession of mainly coalition governments. At an early general election held in February 2013, the centre-left coalition narrowly won the largest share of votes in the Chamber of Deputies. However, there was no overall winning coalition in the Senate, which allocates seats on a regional basis rather than on overall share of the vote. Following lengthy negotiations, a ‘grand coalition’ was finally formed in May, with Enrico Letta as Prime Minister. Following Letta’s resignation in February 2014, a new coalition was formed under Matteo Renzi. Renzi resigned in December 2016 and was replaced by Paolo Gentiloni Silveri. Rome is the capital. Italian is the principal language.
The Italian Republic is situated in southern Europe. Mainland Italy comprises a long peninsula, which stretches from the Alps, along the borders with France to the north-west, Switzerland and Austria to the north and Slovenia to the north-east, south into the Mediterranean Sea. Several adjacent islands form part of the Republic, the largest of which are Sardinia (Sardegna) to the west and Sicily (Sicilia) to the south-west. Within its territory two small city-states remain independent—San Marino, near Emilia-Romagna and the Marche in central Italy, and the Vatican City in Rome. Italy covers an area of 301,336 sq km (116,346 sq miles).
(1945-2021) Franco Battiato was one of the most popular Italian singer-songwriter, composer, filmmaker whose songs contain esoteric, philosophical, and religious themes, and have spanned genres such as experimental pop, electronic music, progressive rock, and new wave. His unique sound, song-crafting, and especially his lyrics, offered him a spot in Italy’s music scene with the nickname of “Il Maestro”.
His album L’Egitto Prima delle sabbie won the Stockhausen award for contemporary music in 1978. A single, brief ascending arpeggio is repeated over and over again at different time intervals. While the right hand plays the arpeggio, the left hand keeps a few keys silently pressed, each time a different set of keys. Every time the arpeggio is repeated the harmonics will vary.
Single “I treni di Tozeur” was the Italian entry in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1984 performed by Alice, a famous Italian singer, and Battiato.
“Niente e come sembra” is a simple, intimate song about the relief of understanding that “nothing is as it seems” because, like in Lennon-McCartney’s “Strawberry Fields”, “nothing is real.” Spare electronic drums give way to a sweeping orchestral sound in the chorus.
"Mystical Arrogance: Franco Battiato's Esoteric Pop" by Alessandro Carrera - http://www.globalpopularmusic.net/?page_id=32
"Franco Battiato, Pop Singer and Versatile Composer, Dies at 76" by Gaia Pianigiani - nytimes.com/2021/05/19/arts/music/franco-battiato-dead.html
(1928-2020) Ennio Morricone was an Italian composer, orchestrator, conductor, and trumpet player most known for his film music. Morricone was most recently inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for being one of the most prolific and greatest film composers of all time. His score to The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (1966) is regarded as one of the most recognizable soundtracks in history. He has received several Oscar nominations for his music in The Untouchables (1987), The Hateful Eight (2016), and has written the scores for several Quentin Tarantino films such as Kill Bill, Inglorious Bastards, and Django Unchained.
The Italian Canzone is an Italian or Provencal song or ballad that resembles a madrigal. The very lyrical and original Italian canzone consists of 5-7 stanzas typically set to music, each stanza resounding the first in rhyme scheme and in number of lines (7-20 lines). The canzone is typically 11 syllables.
Beginning in 1951 with only three participants, The Festival della canzone italiana di Sanremo or the Italian Song Festival of Sanremo is the most popular Italian song contest and awards ceremony and is held at the Ariston Theater every year.
"La Canzone Mononota" by Malika Ayane won in 2013
"Canzone per Federica” by Maldestro won in 2017