Leweke, Henning. Castle "Burg Bentheim." Lower Saxony, Germany. Retrieved March 14, 2018 from https://flic.kr/p/47jhBP. (Originally photographed 2002, November 19.) Licensed by CC BY-SA 2.0.
The Federal Republic of Germany, which was formally established in October 1990 upon the unification of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany), lies in the heart of Europe. It is bordered by nine countries: Denmark to the north, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France to the west, Switzerland and Austria to the south, and the Czech Republic and Poland to the east. The climate is temperate, with an annual average temperature of 9°C (48°F), although there are considerable variations between the North German lowlands and the Bavarian Alps. The language is German. There is a small Sorbian-speaking minority (numbering about 100,000 people). In 2014 just under 30% of the population were Roman Catholics and a further 28% were members of the Evangelical Lutheran (Protestant) church.The national flag (proportions 3 by 5) consists of three equal horizontal stripes, of black, red and gold. The capital is Berlin.
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier (left) and Chancellor Angela Merkel (right).
The German Coat of Arms
By president.gov.ua, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=69962940
By © Raimond Spekking / CC BY-SA 4.0 (via Wikimedia Commons), CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=96378820
Country Flag (Germany), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 16 March 2018 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/de.FLAG
Location, Climate, Language, Religion, Flag, Capital (Germany), in Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 16 March 2018 from http://www.europaworld.com/entry/de.is.2
Some popular examples of dishes include: Rouladen, Spätzle, and Schnitzel.
Rouladen is thinly sliced beef wrapped with bacon, onions, mustard, and pickles. Check out this recipe! https://www.daringgourmet.com/rouladen-recipe/
Spätzle are small noodles or dumplings made with fresh eggs and is normally eaten as a side dish. Check out this recipe! https://www.curiouscuisiniere.com/spaetzle-dumplings/
Schnitzel is a thinned piece of meat (veal, pork, chicken, mutton, beef, turkey) that is breaded before fried in oil. Check out this recipe: https://thewoksoflife.com/pork-schnitzel/.
Lederhosen, a traditional outfit worn by German male farm workers, is made up of knee-length leather breeches with braces, worn over a short sleeve shirt. Longer lederhosen are often called bundhosen or kniebundhosen. This outfit originated in Bavarian and Tyrolean culture.
Dirndle, a traditional outfit worn by women, consists of a bodice, pinafore (a sleveless garment worn underneath the dress), and a full skirt. Although these traditional outfits are no longer worn by farmers or manual labours, you can see these outfits worn during festivals, such as Oktoberfest.
Clara Schumann was a German pianist, teacher, and composer of the 19th century. The daughter of renowned piano teacher Friedrich Wieck and soprano and pianist Mariane Bargiel, she was immersed in music from a young age and was a child prodigy at the piano, as well as one of the greatest pianists in Europe of her time. She would marry Robert Schumann in 1840 after a legal battle with Clara’s father, and the two would remain together until Robert’s death in 1856. Clara would pioneer many works of Robert Schumann’s, lifelong friend Johannes Brahms’s, and others, but wrote many compositions of her own thanks to her well-rounded musical education. Check out just a few works for voice, piano, and more that we have of hers at the library!
The Berlin Philharmonic is an orchestra based out of the capital city of Berlin. Founded in 1882, the ensemble has seen Germany through both world wars and the Cold War into the present day. Numerous prominent conductors have headed the orchestra, including Hans von Bülow, Richard Strauss, Herbert von Karajan, and many more including frequent guest conductors such as Daniel Barenboim, the late Bernard Haitink, and Seiji Ozawa. The orchestra is currently conducted by Kirill Petrenko.
The Berlin Philharmonic offers a streaming service, The Berliner Philharmoniker Digital Concert Hall, that we have institutional access to here at UTK. You can watch live streams of performances, view archived concerts and cinematic recordings of operas, and see interviews with conductors and members of the orchestra. All it takes is signing up with your UTK email address and logging in, and the service can be accessed on your phone, tablet, computer, or smart TV. Check out the QR code on the left to get started or check out the QR code on the right for our tutorial on the Digital Concert Hall to learn more!
Watch or listen to the Berlin Philharmonic here:
(born Feb. 4, 1906, Breslau, Ger.—died April 9, 1945, Flossenbürg) German Lutheran pastor and theologian. He attended the Universities of Berlin and Tübingen, and from 1931 he lectured in theology at the University of Berlin. He became a leading spokesman for the Confessing Church and was active in the resistance movement under the guise of employment in military intelligence. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1943. The discovery of documents connecting him with the 1944 attempt on Adolf Hitler’s life led to his execution a month before the end of World War II. One of the most insightful theologians of the 20th century, he argued for a new vision of Christianity that would abolish the division between the sacred and profane and abandon the traditional privileges of the church in favour of active involvement in the world’s problems. His best-known works include The Cost of Discipleship (1937), Ethics (1949), and Letters and Papers from Prison (1951).
Dietrich Bonhoeffer mit Schülern. Digital Image. 21 March, 1932. German Federal Archives. Web. 16 March 2018. <commons.wikimedia.org>. Licensed by Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-R0211-316 / CC-BY-SA 3.0.
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. (2017). In Encyclopaedia Britannica, Britannica concise encyclopedia. Chicago, IL: Britannica Digital Learning. Retrieved from http://proxy.lib.utk.edu:90/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/ebconcise/bonhoeffer_dietrich/0?institutionId=680
Oktoberfest is the world’s largest annual Munich Beer Festival since 1810 and is celebrated all over the world. The folk festival, significant to Bavarian culture, runs for about 16-18 days in mid-late September to the first Sunday in October. Locals call the festival d’Wiesn after the fairgrounds where it is held, Theresieniese.