The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland lies in north-western Europe. In 1997 the Labour Party, led by Tony Blair, secured an overwhelming parliamentary majority, defeating the Conservative Party, which had held office for some 18 years. The Labour Party was re-elected in 2001 and 2005, and Gordon Brown succeeded Blair as Prime Minister in 2007. In 2010 the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats formed the UK's first coalition Government since the Second World War, led by David Cameron of the Conservative Party. Following a general election held in May 2015, Cameron formed a Conservative Government. Cameron announced after a referendum held on 23 June 2016 (at which 51.9% of voters supported a British exit from the European Union), that he would step down from office by October. Theresa May became Conservative Party leader, and thus premier, in July. Following a general election held in June 2017, May continued as leader of a minority Conservative Party administration after an agreement was reached with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) under the terms of which the DUP would support the Government in certain key votes in Parliament. Following May’s resignation in June 2019, Boris Johnson became Prime Minister in July. The Conservative Party secured a majority at an early election held in December 2019, and Johnson continued as Prime Minister. London is the capital. The language is English.
Citations (3) and (4)
English folk music has co-existed with popular ‘mass’ music at least since the 17th century (when classic ballads, such as James Harris (The Daemon Lover), attributed to the broadside writer Laurence Price, became part of the traditional repertory), with each fuelling the other at different times (see Ballad §I). Manuscript and printed copies of songs and tunes have continued to underpin oral tradition to this day. For example, the renowned Copper family from Rottingdean in Sussex has used one book of song texts for their performances for several generations; Arthur Howard, a South Pennine shepherd, had envelopes crammed with chapbook songsters and songsheets dating back over a hundred years; and among Northumbrian pipers there has been a long tradition of musical literacy in which tunes have been passed on or exchanged in manuscript or printed form as well as by aural memory.
(5): Banfield, S., & Russell, I. (2001). England (i). Grove Music Online. Retrieved 20 Apr. 2020, from https://www-oxfordmusiconline-com.proxy.lib.utk.edu/grovemusic/view/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.001.0001/omo-9781561592630-e-0000040044.