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International Music Resources by Country: Armenia

International Music Resources offers an array of online and physical resources both freely available and/or offered by the George F. DeVine Music Library. The information included in these guides may serve as a starting point for the study and research of

Panoramic photo of the landscape in Armenia

Citation (1)

Map of Armenia

Map of Armenia

Citation (3)


Armenian Orchestral Music

Orchestral Music of Armenia Album Art

Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: Armenia

Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: Section 4 Armenia Cover Art

JVC Video Anthology of World Music & Dance-Armenia

Facts in Brief

Flag of Armenia


Capital: Yerevan

Official Language: Armenian

Area: 29,743 sq km

Population: Current estimate-- 1,084,000

Climate: Winters are cold, the average January temperature in Yerevan being −3°C (26°F), but summers can be very warm, with August temperatures averaging 25°C (77°F).

Religions: Christianity--Armenian Apostolic Church; Russian Orthodox, Islam.

Citation (4)

Folk Music of Armenia

Peasant Songs

The antiquity of Armenian folk music is attested by monuments of material and spiritual culture, including folksongs. Komitas (1869–1935), a gifted ethnographer, scholar and composer, divided Armenian peasant songs first of all geographically into songs from the mountains, and songs from the plains: the former are relatively harsh in sound, with greater importance given to recitative; the latter are softer, with a predominance of smooth cantilena style. The peasant song is generally monophonic (performed solo or by a unison chorus), but some types are performed antiphonally.

Work Songs

The most interesting work songs are the hȯrovelner (ploughing songs). The words and music of hȯrovelnerare improvised, and these songs consist of a main part, a refrain and many exclamations. Although the purpose is to stimulate work and enliven the ploughmen and the working animals, the singers also express personal feelings. Among the women's work songs in the field, the hoeing songs are outstanding for their supple melodies, which are in mixed metre.

Ritual Music

These can be subdivided into those of the calendar cycle, celebrated by everyone, and the ritual episodes of family life. Both generally consist of integral cycles. Among the family ritual songs is the wedding cycle, consisting of over 100 items, which must be sung at specific moments. These songs have many local variants.

Text Citation (2)

Armenia, Armenia: Armenian Songs and Dances Album Art

Composer Highlight


Armenian composer, conductor and teacher. He is considered by some to be the central figure in 20th-century Armenian culture and, along with Prokofiev and Shostakovich, was a pillar of the Soviet school of composition. He influenced the development of composition not only in Armenia but also in Asia and South America. Khachaturian was the first composer to place Armenian music within an international context. By synthesizing the musical achievements of his age with Armenian traditions such as peasant song, urban instrumental folklore, the art of the ashugh, the ornamental style of medieval monody and the purism of national idioms of Komitos, he created a new aesthetic. Khachaturian's music was one of the bridges that most effectively connected European and Eastern traditions during the 20th century.

His name graces the Grand Concert Hall in Yerevan, a string quartet has been named after him and a prize in his name was instituted by the Armenian Ministry of Culture. His house was opened as a museum in 1978 and since 1983 the International Khachaturian Fund in Marseilles has held competitions for pianists and violinists. 

Image Citation:

Text Citation: Sarkisyan, S.  (2001). Khachaturian, Aram. Grove Music Online. Retrieved 9 Feb. 2021, from


(1): "Armenia" by "Adam Jones"

(2):  Pahlevanian, A., Kerovpyan, A., & Sarkisyan, S.  (2001). Armenia, Republic of. Grove Music Online. Retrieved 9 Feb. 2021, from 

(3): London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 20 September 2018 from

(4): London, Routledge. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Retrieved 20 September 2018 from