The White House's Office of Science and Technology Policy released the Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research policy memorandum in February 2013. It directed federal agencies to develop plans to make the publications resulting from federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication. It also required researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research.
The memo is directed to departments and agencies with over $100 million in annual extramural R&D budgets. Federal funding agencies started rolling out their implementation plans in 2014 (2014-03-24 Update and 2014-11-13 Progress update).
Below is a summary table of the agencies that have made their implementation plans public.
Pre-Award: Data Management Plan Required?*
Post-Award: Where to Deposit Article
Maximum Publication Embargo
Post-Award: Where to Deposit Data
Link to Policy, Plan, or FAQ
|ACL/NIDILRR||Yes||PubMed Central (PMC)||12 months||TBD||Plan|
|AHRQ||Yes||PMC||12 months||TBD||Plan; Policy|
|ASPR||Yes||PMC||12 months||"Recognized scientific data repositories" + metadata document to ASPR**||Plan|
|CDC||Yes||CDC Stacks, using NIHMS submission system||12 months||Multiple solutions||Plan|
|DoD||Yes||Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)||12 months||No specific solution||Memo|
|DOE||Yes||Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science (PAGES)||12 months||Varies by office||Plan|
|DOT||Yes||DOT National Transportation Library (NTL)||12 months||TBD||Plan|
|FDA||Yes||PMC||12 months||Disciplinary data repositories, where available||Plan; Staff Manual|
|IES||Yes||ERIC||12 months||Researcher choice + data must be available for ≥10 yr.||Policy; Data Guide|
|NASA||Yes||NASA PubSpace (part of PMC)||12 months||NASA’s Data Portal, other repository, or inclusion of data in publication as supplementary material||FAQ; Plan|
|NIH||Yes||PMC||12 months||Multiple solutions|
|NIST||Yes||PMC (NIST Interface)||12 months + NIST reserves right to shorten or extend period||No specific solution + metadata submitted to NIST's Enterprise Data Inventory**||Plan|
|NOAA||Yes, if generating environmental data||NOAA Institutional Repository||12 months||Multiple solutions short term + NOAA Data Centers for data “worthy” of long term preservation||Plan|
|NSF||Yes||NSF-PAR||12 months||An "appropriate repository"||Plan; FAQ|
|SI||Yes||SRO, CHORUS||12 months||SRO, CHORUS, or approved repositories||Plan|
|USAID||Encouraged, but "Datasets must be submitted" through the DDL||Optional: Development Experience Clearinghouse||N/A||Development Data Library (DDL)||Data Policy|
|USDA||Yes (NIFA)||PubAg||12 months||TBD||Plan|
|USGS||Yes||USGS Information Product Data System (IPDS) & USGS Publications Warehouse||12 months||Metadata to the USGS Science Data Catalog + USGS maintains authoritative copy of data||Plan; Summary; USGS Data Management Site|
|VA||Yes||PMC||12 months||Partner with HHS, NIH, FDA, and DoD on “effective mechanisms" + clinicaltrials.gov||Plan|
*Guidance on most funder's DMP requirements can be found on this DMPTool page.
**Metadata schema should follow guidelines found in the White House's Project Open Data.
Introductory text and table adapted from Columbia University Scholarly Communication Program, under a CC-BY license.
Additional information taken from NCSU Libraries' Funding Agency Guidelines page.