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Veterinary Information

Guides to services and collections for students, staff and faculty in the College of Veterinary Medicine

Resources for do-it-yourself or librarian-assisted searching for alternatives:

 Do-it-yourself alternatives searching support:

Librarian-assisted search support


More support: webinars, tutorials, articles, and Websites 

1)  NIH/OLAW Webinar (40 min.)  - "Meeting Requirements for Alternatives Searches" (2014) Kathleen Gregory Highly recommended!

2) UNC tutorial:  "Searching the Literature for Animal Testing Alternatives".

3)  ARTICLE: If at the beginning of the research planning process, use the Step by Step guide to systematically identify all relevant animal studies by Leenaars, et al Laboratory Animals 2012. 

4)  Working with wildlife?  Key article: Putman, R. (1995). Ethical considerations and animal welfare in ecological field studies. Biodiversity & Conservation, 4(8), 903-915.

5)  ARTICLE on Refinements: Michael Kreger helps researchers and IACUC members understand why refinements are important, how to search for them, and how to evaluate a search for refinements:

6) Teaching protocols: Freely available: "Considerations When Writing and Reviewing a Higher Education Teaching Protocol Involving Animals."  Vemulapalli TH, Donkin SS, Lescun TB, O'Neil PA, Zollner PA. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2017 Sep 1;56(5):500-508. PMID:28903820.

6) More about reporting guidelines: