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Measuring Scholarly Research Impact: Recommended Readings

This guide talks about tools on assessing the impact of scholarly research, with explanations of terminology.

Suggested Titles

Caveats and Cautions

Abbott, A., et al. (2010).  Do metrics matter? Nature, 465(7300), 860-862. 

Adler, R., Ewing, J., & Taylor, P. (2008).  Citation statistics: a report from the International Mathematical Union (IMU) in coopeeration with the International Council of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM) and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (IMS). Berlin: International Mathematical Union.


Arnold, D.N. (2008). Integrity under attack: the state of scholarly publishing.  [Talk of the Society editorial] SIAM News 42(10).

Ball, P. (2008). A longer paper gathers more citations. Nature, 455(7211), 274-275. 


Browman, H.I., & Stergiou, K.I. (Eds.) (2008).  Use and misuse of bibliometrics indices in evaluating scholarly performance [Special Issue]. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, 8(1). 

Laloe, F., & Mosseri, R. (2009).  Bibliometric evaluation of individual researchers: not even right ... not even wrong.  Europhysics News, 40(5), 26-29.


Opatrny, T. (2008).  Playing the system to give low impact journal more clout.  Nature, 455(7210), 167. 


Pudovkin, A.I., & Garfield, E. (2004).  Rank-normalized impact factor: a way to compare journal performance across subject categories.  Proceedings of the 67th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 41, 507-515.


Waltman, L., & van Eck, N.J. (2011). The inconsistency of the h-index. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(2), 406-415.



Gray, E., & Hodkinson, S.Z. (2008, Summer).  Comparison of Journal Citation Reports and Scopus imact factors and environmental siences journals.   Issues in Science & Technology Librarianship, Issue 54, Article 1. 

Kulkami, A.V., et al. (2009).  Comparison of citation in Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar for articles published in general medical journals. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 302(10), 1092.  

Meho, L.I., & Yang, K. (2007).  Impact of data sources on citation counts and rankings of LIS facutly: Web of Science versus Scopus and Google Scholar.  Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58(13), 2105-2125. 

Podlubny, I., & Kassayova, I. (2006).  Towards a better list of citation superstars: compiling a multidisciplinary list of highly cited researchers.  Research Evaluation, 15(3), 154-169.

Van Noorden, R. (2010).  Metrics: a profusion of measures.  Nature, 465(7300), 864-866. 


Van Aalst, J. (2010).  Using Google Scholar to estimate the impact of journal articles in education.  Educational Researcher, 39(5), 387-400.



History and Background

Garfield, E. (1997).  Concept of citation indexing: a unique and innovative tool for navigating the research literature.  Retrieved July 22, 2008, from

Garfield, E. (2006).  The history and meaning of the journal impact factor.  JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 295(1), 90-93.


Garfield, E. (2007).  The evolution of the Science Citation Index.  International Microbiology, 10(1), 65-69.

Moed, J.F. (2005).  Citation analysis in research evaluation. Dordrecht: Springer.

Research Impact Librarian

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