Skip to main content

Citing Sources

This guide will help you to find resources on citations styles: MLA, APA, Chicago/Turabian, etc. This includes links to citation management systems information for EndNote, Zotero, and Mendeley.

Citing Sources Banner

Volshop Electronic Course Materials

The VolShop has arranged access to a large collection of course materials through VitalSource. Just click on "Explore the Library" on the VolShop web site.

Quick Links

When in doubt, cite your source

A citation is needed usually when:

  1. You are stating someone else's words, thoughts, or ideas

  2. New information that is considered "uncommon knowledge"

  3. You refer to or use an image, clip, tweet, post, website, etc.

  4. You use your own words, thoughts, or ideas that you have stated in previous work.

A citation is not usually needed when:

  1. You are stating YOUR opinion on a subject (i.e. I really do not like the new Star Wars as much as it was hyped up to be.)

  2. It is common knowledge (i.e. Nashville is the capital of Tennessee in the United States.)

AMA (American Medical Association) 

The AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors, Tenth Edition is mainly used for medical or scientific publishing. Below are some great resources to cite in AMA. Access to the Eleventh Edition is coming soon!

APA (American Psychological Association)

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition is commonly used to cite in the social and behavioral sciences, natural sciences, nursing, communications, education, business, and engineering to name a few. Please check with your department or professor to see what citation style is preferred. Some resources include:

Looking for 6th edition resources? Check out the APA Style Sixth Edition Resources page for links to the archived style blog, sample papers, quick answers, and supplemental materials.


This style is mainly used in Historical Research. Below are some great resources to cite in Chicago or Turabian.

MLA (Modern Language Association)

The MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition is mainly used to cite in the humanities. The MLA Style Center is a great place to start when beginning to format your paper in MLA. Additional resources include: 

Graduate School

The UT Graduate School offers one-on-one Thesis and Dissertation consultations. For more information, contact the consultant:

Sarah Stone
111 Student Services Bldg
Knoxville, TN 37996-0211
Phone: (865) 974-1337

Citation Management

Citation management systems allow users to keep track of their resources and automatically generate citations for them. UT Libraries provides research guides three commonly use citation management systems. These are:

While citation management systems can save you time and effort, they are not perfect! Please check your citations and do not assume they are perfect.