A citation is needed usually when:
You are stating someone else's words, thoughts, or ideas
New information that is considered "uncommon knowledge"
You refer to or use an image, clip, tweet, post, website, etc.
You use your own words, thoughts, or ideas that you have stated in previous work.
A citation is not usually needed when:
You are stating YOUR opinion on a subject (i.e. I really do not like the new Star Wars as much as it was hyped up to be.)
It is common knowledge (i.e. Nashville is the capital of Tennessee in the United States.)
This style is mainly used to cite in the Social Sciences. The best resource to cite in APA is the Purdue OWL's APA guide. Some other resources include:
This style is mainly used in Historical Research. Below are some great resources to cite in Chicago or Turabian.
The UT Graduate School offers one-on-one Thesis and Dissertation consultations. For more information, contact the consultant:
Citation management systems allow users to keep track of their resources and automatically generate citations for them. UT Libraries provides research guides three commonly use citation management systems. These are:
While citation management systems can save you time and effort, they are not perfect! Please check your citations and do not assume they are perfect.