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Kinesiology, Recreation, & Sport Studies

Resources to support research in all aspects of kinesiology, recreation, and sport studies.

Getting Help

You can find more information on APA's Style and Grammar Guidelines web site. Also, be sure to check out the tutorials they provide. You can also ask for help through the Libraries' AskUsNow service.

Be cautious when searching for examples on the web. You may find a few web sites that have not updated their information to the recently published Seventh Edition. When in doubt, ask your instructor, drop by the Writing Center, or chat with a librarian.

Introduction to APA Style (7th ed.)

CSUDH Library. (2019, October 29). Introduction to citation styles: APA 7th ed. [Video]. YouTube.

In-Text Citations Examples

APA uses the author-date style for in-text citations. These are examples of how you include citations within the text of your paper.

Berry and Wallace (2016) found that students who consulted with librarians received a higher grade on their research papers.

Students who consulted with librarians received higher grades on their research papers (Berry & Wallace, 2016).


When citing direct quotations, also include the page number:

According to Berry and Wallace (2016), "anxiety levels decrease in first-generation students after attending a research workshop" (p. 132).

One study determined that "anxiety levels decrease in first-generation students after attending a research workshop" (Berry & Wallace, 2016, p. 132).

APA Style Examples

Below of examples of how your citations should appear in your bibliography at the end of your paper or wherever your instructor wants the citation to appear.

Journal Article

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Publication Year). Title of article: Subtitle if present. Journal Title, volume(issue), pages.

Morris, E., Vooris, R., & Mahoney, T. Q. (2019). You study like a girl: Experiences of female sport management students. Sport Management Education Journal, 13(2), 63-72.

If there is no DOI, provide the URL that takes the reader to the article on the journal's web site. If the article came from a database, don't include the URL.


Author, A. A. (Year). Book title: Subtitle if present (xth ed). Publisher.

Straus, B. (2018). Healing in action: Adventure-based counseling with therapy groups. Rowman & Littlefield.

Kearney, P. J. (2018). Healing Rites of Passage: Salutogenesis in serious fun camps. Taylor & Francis.

Book Chapters

Author, A. A. (Year). Chapter title. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Book title: Subtitle if present (pp. x-xx). Publisher.

Slobounov, S., Sebastianelli, W., & Aukerman, D. Traumatic injury in athletics: Dialog with collegiate coaches.  In S. Slobounov & W. Sebastianelli (Eds.), Foundations of sport-related brain injuries (pp. 445-477). Springer.


Author, A. (date). Document title [format if needed]. Retrieved from https://_______

The Aspen Institute, Project Play. (2018) State of play 2018: Trends and developments. Retrieved from

Farrey, T. (2012, May 22). The critical role of sports in society [Blog post]. Retrieved from


PowerPoint Presentations

If the presentation is online, cite it like a website. If you saw the PowerPoint during class or other venue, cite it as a personal communication.

Personal Communication

Use this format if you're citing something that the reader cannot access (class lecture, private postings, email, text message, etc.). Cite your source in the text and not in the reference list.

A. Gardner (personal communication, February 4, 2020) stated that her research interests are in diversity and corporate culture.